Crimea - welcome to feel the wind of time
If you are tired of resting, you should take a glimpse into the past millennia, as Crimea virtually reflects the history of mankind. The fates of the Scythians and Hellenes, Romans and Genoese, Turks and Tatars, Russians and Ukrainians and other nationalities have their footprints here.
If you take a closer look at the history of this area, you may even find a part of your country’s history embedded here. The streets of Ancient Khersoness and the ruins of Panticapeum in Kerch tell one about a once mighty Greek settlement. Numerous fortresses on the Black Sea coast remind one of the Genoese. Additionally, there are lots of monuments of Muslim Crimea – don’t miss the Khansky Palace in Bakhchysarai having a special role as an example of Islamite East in Southern Europe. So-called cave-cities are a special glimpse in the history of Crimea. Crimea’s unforgettable places and museums welcome you.
National reserve “Khersoness Tavrychny”
- Sevastopol, 1 Drevnya St.
The town of Khersoness was founded by the Greeks in the 5th century B.C. One can enjoy the opportunity to walk along the streets of this ancient town, examining the collection of amphorae and coins, and take in the ancient theater built within the temple of Melpomene.
Architectural-historical reserve Genoese Fortress
In terms of its importance and preservation the Genoese Fortress in Sudak is the most famous in the world and is second best only to those of Italian heritage. The fortress was built in 1371—1469 on the fortress hill. Every consul taking up his duties in the town considered it a great honor to leave memories by means of building some construction. This was the way the fortress had been built for centuries. If you look at the fortress walls and towers, a mosque and a consul’s castle, you will learn about the Italian coat-of-arms.
State historical-cultural reserve in the town of Bakhchysarai
- Bakhchysarai, 133 Richna St.
One of the most prominent places in the reserve is the Khansky Palace (16-18 century) built by Italian, Iranian, Turkish, Ukrainian and Russian masters. Mighty Crimean khans once ruled from this palace. Cave-cities Mangoop-Kale (6-15 centuries), Chufoot-Kale (5-19 centuries) and also the complex of Uspensky (dominion) Cave Monastery (13-15 centuries) are also parts of the reserve.
State historical-cultural reserve in the town of Kerch
- Kerch, 5 Aivazovsky St.
The ancient town of Pantikapeum, is also the site of the ancient settlement of Nimpheus, Mirmeky, Tiritaka, the stone crypt of Demetra, which is included on the UNESCO list and also Melek-Chesmensky and Tsarsky Kurgan (Grave Mount) are within the territory of this reserve. The treasures of the mighty Bosporan state are exhibited inside the Hermitage and the British Museum, but here you will have a better idea of the era with two new expositions called “The Gold of the Bosporus” and “Original Weapons”, were opened in 2003.
The museum of gliding
- Koktebel village, 12 Kuibyshev St.
There are only two museums of gliding in the world. One of them is in the USA and the other one is in Crimea, in the village of Koktebel. Koktebel is the cradle of gliding, aviation engineering and space explorations. Such famous Russian and Ukrainian aircraft designers as Antonov, Yakovlev, Ilyushin and Korolev originated from the local school of gliding. And it was in Koktebel where the first glider with a jet engine was launched. The exposition tells the history of gliding and aviation and also about prominent figures in aeronautics.