Ukraine stands 4th among the most educated nations in the world
According to the 2001 national census the number of people with higher education has grown by 34.9% in the last 12 years.
High-level research is also a strong-point in Ukraine. The country current has 1350 scientific organizations employing 450,000 people, 295,000 of whom are directly involved in research and development: that's 40% more than in the UK.
Ukrainian science can trace its roots back to the 10th to 12th centuries. The names of the scholars of the Kyivan Rus were well-known to medieval Europe. Among them, for instance, was philologist Meletiy Smotrytsky whose Slovenian Grammar laid down the foundations for the spelling of a great many Slavic languages. In the 18th century the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy was a major centre of science and scholarship.
The 20th century was most fruitful for the development of Ukrainian research scholarships and brought with it world recognition: in geo-chemistry and natural history (V.Vernadsky), microbiology (I.Mechnikov, D.Zabolotny), biology (O.Bogomolets), chemistry (L.Pysarzhevsky), mechanics (S.Tymoshenko), electrical welding and bridge building (E.Paton), physics (M.Bogoliubov), cybernetics (S.Lebedev, V.Hlushkov), space engineering (M.Yangel) and many others. A range of inventions by Ukrainian scientists have laid the foundations for major developments in world science. Among these are such outstanding achievements as creating an artificial nuclear reaction to split a lithium nucleus; production of heavy water, new areas pioneered in metallurgy such as electric metallurgy; development of rockets and spacecraft that remain to this day unique